NewEnglandTravelPlanner.com Logo   New England History: 20th C.
After the prosperity of the 1800s, the steamship replaced the New England clipper; natural gas, petroleum, and electricity replaced whale oil lamps; and textile manufacturers moved their operations to southern states where wages were lower. (Continued from: The Industrial Revolution)

 

Millions of immigrants who had come from abroad to share in New England's commercial boom were left with minimal skills in a diminishing job market. New England's farms, set on rocky soil in a northern climate, were outproduced and out-sold by the vast farms in other areas of the country.

The stock market crash of 1929 and its aftermath spelled the bitter end of New England's golden age. What had once been America's richest, proudest, and most cultured region was now economically depressed, politically corrupt, and spiritually defeated.

But New England was still beautiful, historic, and proud. In the years after World War II, New Englanders realized that their land had other kinds of wealth. New England's hundreds of colleges and universities were leaders in education. The New England landscape was sprinkled with graceful towns and villages. New Englanders were as ingenious as ever, and the chilly waters of the Atlantic still held a wealth of seafood, so New England survived, and even prospered again.

In recent decades, graduates of New England's universities, no matter where they came from, settled here and founded small computer and biotech companies that became large companies employing tens of thousands.

The sturdy old 19th-century textile mills of brick and granite were recycled as company offices and factories. The name of Route 128, Boston's ring road, became synonymous with the computer industry.

New England's picturesque towns and villages found a new vocation as the great old houses were transformed to historic inns, and the more modest houses began to provide bed and breakfast to travelers and vacationers.


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Rowers on the Charles River, Cambridge MA

Sunset scullers on the Charles River, Cambridge MA.